Boys Over Flowers Wiki
This article is about the manga. For other uses, see Hana Yori Dango/Boys Over Flowers.

"This series has continued for 11-and-a-half years. I am truly grateful to those of you who have read this series from beginning to end."
Yoko Kamio, 2004[src]

Boys over Flowers (花より男子 (はなよりだんご) Hana Yori Dango), officially abbreviated as Hana-dan (花男 () ),[2] is a manga series written and illustrated by Yoko Kamio. The manga was published in the magazine, Margaret by Shueisha from March 1992 to August 2003.[1] Viz Media licensed the series for release in North America.[3] Kamio began a sequel manga in February 2015,[4] which concluded in December 2019.[5]

The series was first adapted into an audio drama in 1993,[6][2] followed by a 1995 film and a 1996 anime series.[1] It is well known for its drama adaptations, including Meteor Garden (2001) in Taiwan,[7] Hana Yori Dango (2005) in Japan,[8] Boys Over Flowers (2009) in South Korea,[9] and Meteor Garden (2018) in China.[10] A Thai drama, which premiered in 2021, is the latest adaptation.[11]

Tsukushi Makino is a lower-class student at the elite school, Eitoku Academy. Her life changes when she angers Tsukasa Domyoji, the leader of the F4. He ends up falling in love with her, though she completely hates him. Boys Over Flowers chronicles the ups-and-downs of their relationship as they become friends and eventually date.


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Tsukushi Makino, who comes from a lower-class family, is a second-year student at the prestigious school, Eitoku Academy. The school is ruled by the F4, consisting of Tsukasa Domyoji, Rui Hanazawa, Sojiro Nishikado, and Akira Mimasaka. Tsukushi tries to avoid them until her friend angers Tsukasa. She stands up for her and receives a red card, which causes her classmates to begin bullying her. Tsukushi fights back by declaring war on the F4. Tsukasa later sends some goons after her, but Rui saves her. The next day, she kicks Tsukasa in the face. He takes a liking to her afterwards and tries to impress her without much success. Meanwhile, three girls, namely Yuriko Asai, Minako Yamano, and Erika Ayuhara, become jealous of Tsukushi. They embarrass her at a party, while pretending to be her friend.[12]

After humiliating Yuriko and her friends, Tsukushi gains three new enemies. To get revenge, they inform her about Rui's first love, Shizuka Todo. This comes as a shock to Tsukushi as she realizes she has developed a crush on Rui. When Shizuka returns, Tsukushi resolves to separate herself from the F4. Her childhood friend, Kazuya Aoike begins attending around the same time. A jealous Tsukasa sends him a red card. Bullies chase him and Tsukushi until Rui protects her, which angers Tsukasa. He ends his friendship with Rui. Tsukushi stays home the next day due to a high fever. Tsukasa pays her a visit and offers to pay for her to go on the school's trip. She refuses, opting to go to Atami with Kazuya instead. The trip takes a turn for her, when Tsukasa and their classmates arrive there on his yacht.[13]

Tsukushi accidentally kisses Tsukasa during the party on his yacht. She is devastated that her first kiss was not with someone she loves. The next day, she goes to return Shizuka's dress and witnesses Rui confess his feelings to her. Tsukasa and Kazuya come by shortly and start a cook-out. Tsukushi is grateful for the distraction. Later, the fall term at Eitoku starts. Yuriko shows Tsukasa a video of Rui and Tsukushi. Tsukasa feels like a "fool," having thought that Tsukushi liked him. He goes on a rampage throughout the school and later targets Tsukushi. Tsukasa forces a kiss on her, only stopping when she begins to cry. Several days later, she attends Shizuka's birthday party with Kazuya and her best friend, Yuki Matsuoka. There Shizuka announces her decision to return to France permanently.[14]

Tsukushi pleads with Shizuka to stay in Japan for Rui's sake. She cannot because she does not want to have any regrets. Rui overhears and is angry with Tsukushi, but later thanks her before going after Shizuka. Tsukasa later asks Tsukushi on a date, but she does not hear him and is perplexed when he tells her the time and place. That Sunday, she arrives four hours late and offers to treat him to tea. The two become stuck in an elevator. Tsukasa develops a fever and Tsukushi takes care of him the rest of the night. At school, a photo of them circulates and everyone believes they are dating. Neither clear up the misunderstanding. Later, her classmates take her dancing and she meets a foreigner. Tsukushi wakes up in a hotel room with no memory of the previous night. She resolves to keep it a secret.[15]

Thomas, the foreigner, turns out to be an old friend of Tsukushi's new friend Sakurako Sanjo. He blackmails Tsukushi into seeing him again the next day. Meanwhile, she helps Sakurako get over her fear of boys by introducing her to the F4. Within a couple days, Tsukushi notices some odd changes in Sakurako. Yuki and her sister later take Tsukushi to a dance club, where she sees Sakurako acting rudely. After a photo of Tsukushi and Thomas is spread around school, Tsukushi learns that nothing happened and Sakurako was framing her. The next day, Tsukasa is shocked by the photo and walks away from Tsukushi, who is surrounded by bullies. Sakurako uses his moment of weakness to try to seduce him. He realizes that Tsukushi was telling the truth and returns to her, saying "I believe you."[16]

After rescuing Tsukushi, Tsukasa tells her that he loves her and then kisses her. The next day, Thomas reveals Sakurako's past to Tsukushi. She defends Sakurako to their classmates the next day, though she has not forgiven her yet. In the meantime, Rui has returned from France and his new flirty behavior confuses Tsukushi. Tsukasa later drags her to his family's private island along with the F3 and their dates. The first night while on a walk, Tsukushi runs into Rui and he asks her to hold him. When she returns to the room, she lies to Tsukasa by telling him she was alone. The next day, Kazuya, Sakurako, and Thomas bring news of Shizuka's engagement. Tsukushi returns to the beach that night. She confesses to Rui that she cannot stop thinking of him. Moved by her tears, he kisses her.[17]

Tsukasa discovers Tsukushi and Rui kissing, leaving him heartbroken. When everyone finally returns to Tokyo, Tsukasa kicks Rui out of the F4. To cheer Tsukushi up, Rui asks her on a date. The day takes several awkward turns. Afterwards, he takes her to his house where he falls asleep. On her way home, she sees Tsukasa laughing with Sakurako. Tsukushi stands in a daze for a few minutes. A guy tries to flirt with her, but flees when a woman, Tsubaki Domyoji, scratches his car. Tsubaki drags Tsukushi to her house, despite her protests. While trying to hide, she becomes lost. When Tsukasa finds her, he becomes incredibly angry. Tsubaki kicks him hard in the back, thinking he was coming on to Tsukushi. The next day at school, Tsukasa announces his plans to have Rui and Tsukushi expelled from school.[18]

Tsubaki suggests they settle Tsukushi and Rui's expulsion through sports. They decide on a basketball match with Tsukasa, Akira, and Sojiro playing against Tsukushi, Rui, and Kazuya. That night, Tsukushi finds Tsukasa waiting for her. He promises to call off the match, if she says she loves him. She resists his advances and he gives up. The next day, the game begins. Tsukasa's team rapidly gains points, leading Rui to change his strategy. It works and they are nearly tied, but Tsukushi misses the basket. At the last second, Tsukasa declares "I quit" and leaves. The others gather at the Domyojis' house afterwards to drink. Tsubaki, Akira, and Sojiro lock Rui and Tsukushi in a room. There he confesses that he was using her to forget Shizuka. Tsukushi is sad by this revelation, but decides she has "no regrets."[19]

The following morning, Tsukushi learns that her father has lost his job, forcing the family to move out of their home. They put all their hopes into Tsukushi marrying rich. She sets out to get a new job and finds herself in a dangerous situation. A delivery guy, whom she nicknames "Kinsan," rescues her in the nick-of-time. He helps her find a job. Later, Kazuya informs Tsukushi about Tsukasa leaving for New York City. Hurt that he did not tell her, she confronts Tsukasa which leads to a fight. He attempts to say a proper goodbye later, but gets into a fight with Kinsan and leaves in a huff. Two days later, Kinsan takes Tsukushi out to cheer her up. On her way home afterwards, she runs into Tsukasa, newly arrived from New York with a magazine exposing Kinsan as Seinosuke Amakusa, a parliament member's son.[20]

Tsukushi's mother happens by and drags Tsukasa back to their house. The next day, Tsukushi meets Seinosuke who manages to clear up the misunderstanding and invites her to his party. Tsukushi asks Rui to attend it with her and there they run into Tsukasa. On stage, Seinosuke makes an announcement that he does not want to be like his father. He then walks up to Tsukushi and asks her to be his girlfriend. Tsukasa punches him, resulting in a brawl. The story is then covered by the national media. Later, Tsukushi learns that her father has lost one million yen given to him by a loanshark. In order to save her family, she borrows the money from Tsukasa, who only agrees if she enters Teen of Japan. She begins staying at Tsukasa's house, where Tsubaki tutors her for the contest.[21]

After meeting fellow contestant Ayano Kurimaki, Tsukushi starts to feel discouraged about her chances of winning. She attempts to leave Tsukasa's house, but he catches her convinces her to keep going. The contest is held on Christmas Eve. In the first round, Tsukushi impresses the judges with her "unique" fashion choices though the audience has the opposite reaction. Back in the dressing room, she learns that Ayano is Seinosuke's fiancée and has come to Japan to face Tsukushi. The contestants' English ability is tested in the second round. Tsukushi scrapes by due to her luck and thoughtfulness. She and Ayano are selected as the finalists. Tsukushi promises Seinosuke to give him an answer once the contest is over. The two girls then head into the third and final round.[22]

In the final round, the girls play with a group of children to determine the winner, but they refuse to choose just one. The judges then crown Ayano the winner and grant Tsukushi a special prize. Afterwards, Tsukasa asks her to spend Christmas with him in exchange of the rest of the loan. The next day, one of the children, Ryusuke Hayama, shows up on her doorstep. Tsukushi brings him along. Tsukasa is annoyed, but eventually warms up to Ryusuke. However, he snaps when Tsukushi obliviously asks "Why do you do so much for me?" The two end up fighting. Sojiro later decides to do something to help the couple. After helping Tsukushi and Yuki, the F3 invite them to Canada. Tsukushi hesitates to accept at first, but decides to go after having another argument with Tsukasa.[23]

Yuriko and her gang have invited themselves to Vancouver, much to Tsukushi's chagrin. She is later tricked by Yuriko into going out during a blizzard under the impression that Yuki went outside. Tsukasa finds Tsukushi and carries her to a cabin. He tells her to take off her clothes to avoid frostbite. She refuses at first, but eventually listens to reason. They lay next to the fire in each other's arms. After returning to the house, Tsukushi decides to get revenge on the girls with a ghost story. During it, Shizuka makes a surprise arrival. Everyone leaves her and Rui alone to talk. After the trip, a fortuneteller gives Tsukushi a foreboding message about Tsukasa. She and Yuki later go to a middle school reunion. Coincidentally, Tsukasa is there and ends up attacking an old friend of hers out of jealousy.[24]

An explosive fight occurs between Tsukushi and Tsukasa, which ends with her saying "I hate you!" The next day, Tsukushi goes to see her friend to apologize. There she meets his younger brother Junpei Oribe, who also attends Eitoku. She later meets him at school, though he is wearing a subtle disguise so she does not recognize him at first. Tsukushi finds him extremely odd, but accepts when he asks her to be friends. That afternoon, she learns he is a model. He ropes her into taking pictures with him, one of which makes magazine cover. Tsukasa confronts Tsukushi, which leads to a fight between him and Junpei. He tells Tsukushi that he loves her, leaving her speechless. A few days later, Tsukushi is given another red card and becomes a target once again. Junpei vows to protect her.[25]

Junpei's accomplices kidnap Tsukushi and bring her to a derelict building. He eventually arrives and explains that he used her to get revenge on Tsukasa. They send a message to Tsukasa and he arrives shortly. The guys beat him up severely. Junpei goes to hit him with a chair, but Tsukushi throws herself in front of him. After that, Junpei finally leaves with his men. Tsukushi asks Tsukasa why he did not fight back. He responds "This was the only way to protect you," before passing out. She wakes up in the hospital from a nightmare of Tsukasa dying. She goes to his room, where she admits to being scared of him really dying. Junpei enters and apologizes to Tsukushi, but she is not ready to forgive him. Later, Tsukasa invites her to his birthday party with plans to introduce her to his mother, Kaede Domyoji.[26]

Tsukushi inadvertently causes a scene at Tsukasa's party, drawing Kaede's attention. The couple escapes after he tells his mother that he loves Tsukushi. Now on his family's yacht, she gives him his birthday gift. He is so happy that he kisses her. The next morning, Kaede visits Tsukushi to offer her money in exchange for her giving up Tsukasa. Tsukushi's mother rejects the offer. Later, Tsukushi ponders whether to end things with Tsukasa. Kaede's secretary Nishida then brings her to a hotel, where Kaede announces Tsukasa's engagement to Shigeru Okawahara. Tsukasa runs away but accidentally grabbed Shigeru's hand instead of Tsukushi's. She is livid and refuses to believe it was a mistake. Shigeru later comes to their school and punches Tsukasa, declaring "As your fiancée, it's my job to train you well!"[27]

Having decided to pursue Tsukasa, Shigeru asks Tsukushi for help. At first, she thinks of Shigeru as pushy but grows to like her. She tells Tsukasa "I think someone like [Shigeru] is what you need," which causes him to slap her. That night, he wonders whether it is time to give up. Tsukasa subsequently asks Shigeru to go out with him, promising to "learn to love [her]." Tsukushi decides to take this as a new start. However, Shigeru makes this impossible since she asks for advice on dating Tsukasa everyday. After seeing the couple kiss, Tsukushi throws herself into her job. Shigeru later ropes her and Rui into going to her family's villa. There Tsukushi tells Shigeru that she is happy for her though she is actually hurting. Later that night, Tsukasa tells Shigeru that he cannot love her, leaving her devastated.[28]

Tsukushi returns home the next morning to learn that her parents and younger brother are moving to a fishing village. They decide to leave her behind so she can continue attending Eitoku. Now alone, she receives a visit from Shigeru who reveals that the engagement has been called off since Tsukasa still loves Tsukushi. Akira, Sojiro, and Rui come to celebrate her living alone the following day. They are met with another surprise guest, Kaede. Tsukushi stands up to her, even declaring that she is going to "fight" her. However, things take a turn when her apartment floor collapses. Now homeless, Tsukushi runs into Seinosuke who takes her to his place. She later wakes up at the Domyojis', having been brought there by Tsubaki. She invites Tsukushi to stay. Tsukushi agrees to it if she work there as a maid.[29]

Tama, the Domyojis' head maid, appoints Tsukushi as Tsukasa's personal maid. One night, he asks her to come to his room at midnight. Tsukushi tries to find a way out of it, but Tsukasa eventually arrives at her door. He makes his way onto her balcony, where he sets up a telescope. He then shows her Saturn through it, before gifting her a necklace modeled after it. Though hesitant at first, Tsukushi allows him to kiss her. Tsukasa asks her to start dating him and suggests making a trial of two months. In the morning, Tsukushi agrees to the relationship. When the rest of the school learns of it, she starts feeling nervous and wonders whether she will have an answer for Tsukasa in two months. Tsukushi visits Yuki after school for advice. Yuki suggests a "poor man's date" with her and her boyfriend, Nakatsuka.[30]

The double date ends with Tsukasa striking Nakatsuka. He refuses to explain himself, resulting in a fight between him and Tsukushi. The next day, she and Yuki see Nakatsuka with another girl. Yuki runs off, while Tsukushi punches Nakatsuka and learns what happened with Tsukasa. Sojiro ends up finding Yuki and gives her a confidence boost. Then he takes her to "get revenge" on Nakatsuka. Tsukushi and Tsukasa find Sojiro and Yuki just in time to watch them embarrass Nakatsuka. The next day at school, Tsukushi learns from Sojiro that he has a date with Yuki. Knowing she would follow them, Sojiro devised the plan so they would experience a regular date. Tsukushi and Tsukasa follow them into a hotel. There she relaxes for a moment before catching a glimpse of Tsukasa's mother in the hallway.[31]

Tsukushi rushes back to the Domyoji mansion to pack. Unfortunately, Kaede discovers her while she is trying to sneak out. Tama steps in to protect Tsukushi from being kicked out. The following day, she and Tsukasa skip school. He declares that he will leave home to protect her. Tsukushi does not want him to, saying that she wants them to be "equals." He still made her happy so she gives him a kiss. Tsukushi returns to school and meets with Rui, who warns her that Kaede may try targeting her friends. She later discovers that Yuki's and Kazuya's families are now in financial trouble. Tsukushi agrees to Kaede's terms to have her put things right. That night in the rain, she breaks up with Tsukasa. She lies to him saying she never loved him, though she admits to herself "I've thought many times that I loved Tsukasa."[32]

Tsukushi travels to the fishing village to reunite with her family, whose financial situation is still bad. She does not have the heart to tell them about Tsukasa or leaving school. Rumors of her rich fiancé soon become rampant among the villagers. Meanwhile, Tsukasa reverts to heartless former self. He even gets into a fist fight with Sojiro, after a failed attempt to cheer him up. Tsukushi befriends an eccentric person named Matsutaro Yoshimatsu. His girlfriend left him in the village some months earlier and he has been waiting ever since. The villagers become suspicious of their friendship and the Makinos' landlady demand that they bring Tsukasa to pay their debts. Tsukushi finally reveals everything to her family. By the next morning, they are ready to beg for more time when Rui and Tsukasa suddenly show up.[33]

After Tsukasa pays off the Makino family's debts, they decide to return to Tokyo, Shigeru invites them to stay at her condo which Tsukushi reluctantly accepts. Sakurako later drags her, Shigeru, and Yuki on a group date. They meet Kiyonaga who looks exactly like Tsukasa. The girls soon leave due to his rude behavior. Tsukushi is separated from the others and is dragged into an alley by Kiyonaga. Frightened, she runs away from him and happens to meet Tsukasa. He takes her somewhere to talk, but Tsukushi is distracted by Kiyonaga outside. Tsukasa becomes upset and leaves when she mentions the group date. He eventually tells her what he wanted to say. She returns the necklace he gave her, which he throws into the river. Kiyonaga helps Tsukushi retrieve it, before she passes out.[34]

Two days later, Tsukushi wakes up in Kiyonaga's apartment with a fever. She becomes offended after he offers to go out with her and "pretend" to be Tsukasa. He follows her home, where he is invited in by her parents. Kiyonaga leaves as soon as Tsukasa arrives. Tsukasa apologizes to Tsukushi for being harsh earlier. She informs him about Kiyonaga avoiding him, making Tsukasa determined to meet him. Over the next few days, Tsukushi sees a new side of Kiyonaga and thinks he may not be such a bad guy. Meanwhile, Tsukasa meets his actual cousin. Later at school, the F4 are talking to her about the fake Kiyonaga when he shows up. He reveals that he was hired by Kaede to seduce Tsukushi. Kiyonaga then admits that he is exposing himself because he likes Tsukushi.[35]

Tsukushi demands for Kiyonaga to take her to Kaede. He brings her to the airport, explaining that she is overseas. Tsukushi learns his real name is Amon Kunisawa. He promises her that she will have an "easier life" if she chooses him. Tsukushi makes the decision to start dating him after running into Tsubaki, to whom she confesses that she loved Tsukasa. She thinks the relationship will be "platonic." Amon is not of the same mind and even forcibly kisses her. Tsukasa, during this time, struggles with his feelings until he decides to pursue Tsukushi again. He first confronts Amon to say "She's mine." That night, Amon visits Tsukushi to apologize. She forgives him, though she is still wary. The next day, Tsukasa calls the police to aid in his search for Tsukushi. She meets with Amon for a trip to the amusement park.[36]

Finding Tsukushi with Amon, Tsukasa begs her to choose him instead. She initially leaves with Amon, but returns to Tsukasa. By the end of the night, Tsukasa thinks he may have the "wrong idea" since Tsukushi has not clearly stated her feelings. She gathers her courage the next day and asks him to "go out with [her]," though she requests to keep it a secret. Tsukasa is against the caveat but ultimately agrees. Meanwhile, Sojiro and Akira scheme a way to bring Tsukushi and Tsukasa together. They end up tricking the couple and trapping them in Akira's guest house. The two are comfortable together at first. However, an argument soon sparks when Tsukushi reveals that she met with Amon and was followed by the Domyojis' secret police. They are interrupted when members of the said group come investigating.[37]

Tsukasa helps Tsukushi escape before they are discovered. The next day, Tsukushi apologizes to Tsukasa about their argument. He then receives a call from Akira, inviting them to his party. There Tsukushi and Sojiro overhear Yuki confess her feelings to Sojiro. Though he rejects her, Yuki is not ready to give up. Then Tsukushi and Tsukasa argue about keeping their relationship secret. He feels discouraged and goes back inside. Tsukushi runs after him and, in front of their friends, declares that she loves Tsukasa. When Tsukushi goes home the next day, she discovers that her family will now be living separately. She and Susumu move into a new apartment. Meanwhile, Yuki continues pursuing Sojiro, asking him for the "full course." He decides to "scare" her, but ends up telling her about his first love instead.[38]

Tsukasa moves in next door to Tsukushi, but only comes by late at night due to it being cramped. She refuses to admit that she was lonely, when she catches him going into his apartment one night. The next night, the couple hide from the secret police at his house. When Tsubaki finds them together, Tsukushi admits to Tsukasa that she is not ready for sex and he agrees to wait. Meanwhile, Yuki searches for a certain building connected to Sojiro's first love, Sara Hinata. She was his childhood friend whom he considered an "oasis" amongst his dysfunctional family. He regrets not going to meet her. Yuki finds the right building and locates Sojiro just in time. On the rooftop, she points into the distance where two buildings' names read "I love Jiro." Sojiro cries now knowing Sara's feelings.[39]

Tired of hiding, Tsukasa decides to go to New York to talk to his mother but Tsukushi stops him. They instead go out on a date, which turns into a "poor man's date" when Tsukasa's credit cards stop working. The two are given free tickets to a baseball game. There Tsukushi catches an important ball, which is broadcast on television in New York. That night, after dropping off Tsukushi, Tsukasa is surrounded by a group of men. The next day, Tsukushi learns that Tsukasa is gone. She decides to go after him this time and the F3 promise to support her. In New York, things go from bad to worst until she meets Thomas again, who agrees to take her to the Domyojis'. There Tsukushi first meets Kaede. She brings her to Tsukasa, who tells her to go home. After Tsukushi leaves, Rui suddenly shows up and comforts her.[40]

Tsukushi wakes up in Rui's New York condo. She is flustered by Rui when he kisses her while they are discussing Domyoji Group's failing merger. He only calmly reveals that he thinks he has fallen for her. The morning after treating Thomas and his friends to lunch, Tsukushi and Rui run into the businessman she met days previously. He invites them back to his building, where Tsukushi learns of his conflict with Kaede. Despite her dislike for Kaede, Tsukushi encourages the man to reconcile with her which ultimately leads to the merger going through. The next day, Kaede grudgingly meets Tsukushi at the airport to "grant [her] one wish." She asks only for Tsukasa to fulfil his promise. Several days later in Japan, Tsukasa returns for him and Tsukushi to have their final date until everything suddenly goes awry.[41]

A group of men place Tsukushi and Tsukasa alone on a yacht. She has a hard time repressing her feelings until Tsukasa mentions that Rui "could probably make [her] happier than [he] could." Tsukushi ends up yelling at him "Didn't you tell me that you would make me happy?" The ship then arrives at an island, where she sees a figure amongst the foliage. They venture into the jungle. Tsukushi falls into a swamp and Tsukasa rescues her. She tells him that she does not want them to be "separated" again. He kisses her. They eventually find Sojiro and Akira, who bring them to a house. There Shigeru admits that she orchestrated everything to bring them back together. Back in Tokyo, they are greeted by a sea of reporters. Tsukushi and Tsukasa are lost in the crowd, when a man stabs him.[42]




Arc centric

Single appearance


Main article: Boys Over Flowers/Chapters



Viz Media's English release

Boys Over Flowers was serialized in the manga magazine, Margaret, from March 1992 to August 2003. The series reached thirty-six volumes in length by the end of its run. Shueisha published the entirety of the manga in Japan, and later reprinted it into twenty volumes for the complete edition.[1][43] It is licensed in North America by Viz Media.[3] The series has been translated into over ten languages.

Kamio has penned a number of follow-up chapters to Boys Over Flowers, including a direct sequel in 2006. A two-part story focusing on Rui was published in 2008. The three chapters were collected together as the thirty-seventh volume of the series.[1] Kamio published a short special chapter in a 2018 commemorative issue of Margaret.[44] Additionally, Boys Over Flowers is available to read on a special app, which was originally released by Shueisha to celebrate Kamio's thirtieth anniversary of her debut.[45]



First volume of Boys Over Flowers Season 2

Main article: Boys Over Flowers Season 2

Yoko Kamio began a sequel to the series titled, Boys Over Flowers Season 2 on February 15, 2015. It was simultaneously released on Shueisha's Shonen Jump+, and Viz's website and app.[4] The series ended on December 22, 2019 and was collected into fifteen volumes.[46] In 2018, it was adapted into a Japanese drama starring Hana Sugisaki and Sho Hirano.[47]

The sequel follows a new generation of students at Eitoku, including the series' leads Oto Edogawa and Haruto Kaguragi. It is set about two years after the ending of the original series. Along with frequent mentions of the F4, several characters from Boys Over Flowers make appearances.


See also: Boys Over Flowers/Adaptations

Audio drama[]


First audio drama released in 1993

Main article: Hana Yori Dango (drama CDs)

Hana Yori Dango was adapted into a series of three audio dramas, also known as CD books,[2] from July 1993 to July 1994.[6] All three were released on both cassette and CD.[1] The audio drama stars the voices of Takuya Kimura as Rui with Chisa Yokoyama as Tsukushi and Takumi Nishio as Tsukasa. It was Kimura's first voice acting role, though he was already famous for being in the boy band, SMAP. Kamio sat in for part of the recording and was happy with the results.[48][2]

Live-action film[]


Hana Yori Dango (1995 film)

Main article: Hana Yori Dango (film)

The first live-action adaptation of Hana Yori Dango was a film released in theaters on August 19, 1995. It stars Yuki Uchida as Tsukushi, Shosuke Tanihara as Tsukasa and Naohito Fujiki as Rui.[49] The film was released on video cassette in 1997[50] and DVD in 2001.[51] It was also released in a box set with five other shojo film adaptations.[52]

Hana Yori Dango was considered a financial success at the time and also won Uchida Best Actress at the Japan Film Professional Awards. Uchida's "Baby's Growing Up" and trf's "Overnight Sensation" served as theme songs for the film.



Boys Over Flowers anime

Main article: Boys Over Flowers (anime)

The anime was directed by Shigeyasu Yamauchi and produced by Toei Animation, Asatsu-DK, and ABC TV.[53] It originally aired from September 8, 1996 to August 31, 1997 for fifty-one episodes.[54] The anime has been released on video cassette in 1997 and on DVD in 2006.[55] It was licensed for released in North America by Viz in 2003,[56] and by Discotek Media in 2015.[57]

Hana Yori Dango: The Movie, a short film, premiered on March 8, 1997 at the Spring Toei Anime Fair.[58] The film is set in an alternate universe, where Tsukushi is an aspiring dancer at a studio in New York City.[59]

Television dramas[]



Meteor Garden (2001)

Main article: Meteor Garden (2001 drama)

Meteor Garden was the first television drama adapted from Boys Over Flowers.[60] It was produced by Angie Chai and directed by Cai Yue Xun. Barbie Hsu, Jerry Yan, and Vic Chou star as the series' leads Shan Cai (Tsukushi), Dao Ming Si (Tsukasa), and Hua Ze Lei (Rui).[61] The series aired on the free-to-air CTS from April 12, 2001 to August 16, 2001. It was a breakout success.[62]

The drama was popular throughout Asia.[63] Chai quickly produced two sequels, Meteor Rain (2001) and Meteor Garden II (2002). Meteor Garden II was an original story and was not well received by fans.[64]



Hana Yori Dango (2005)

Main article: Hana Yori Dango (Japanese drama)

A Japanese adaptation of Hana Yori Dango aired from October 21, 2005 to December 16, 2005 for nine episodes on TBS.[65] Mao Inoue, Jun Matsumoto, Shun Oguri, Shota Matsuda, and Tsuyoshi Abe star in the drama as Tsukushi and the F4 members.[8][66] The drama had high ratings, peaking at 22.4%.[1] It has remained popular in Japan, particularly among young girls.[67]

A sequel, Hana Yori Dango Returns was released in 2007.[68] It also enjoyed high ratings, peaking at 27.6% for the finale.[1] In 2008, a film sequel titled, Hana Yori Dango Final, premiered.[69] It was a box office success in Japan, earning over seven billion yen.[70] The drama adaptation of Boys Over Flowers Season 2 is also a sequel to TBS's Hana Yori Dango series.[71]

South Korea[]


Boys Over Flowers (2009)

Main article: Boys Over Flowers (Korean drama)

In late 2008, a South Korean television adaptation of Boys Over Flowers was announced.[72] The drama aired from January 5, 2009 to March 31, 2009 for twenty-five episodes on KBS2. It stars Ku Hye-sun (Geum Jan-di), Lee Min-ho (Gu Jun-pyo), Kim Hyun-joong (Yoon Ji-hoo), Kim Bum (So Yi-jung), and Kim Joon (Song Woo-bin).[73]

The drama had high viewership ratings throughout its entire run.[74] Boys Over Flowers was followed by a four-part music drama in late spring 2009.[75][76]



Meteor Garden (2018)

Main article: Meteor Garden (2018 drama)

In April 2017, Angie Chai, who produced the first Meteor Garden, announced her plans to remake the series.[77] The main cast of the drama was unveiled at a press conference in Shanghai on November 9, including Shen Yue as Shan Cai and Dylan Wang as Dao Ming Si.[78] Chai began the post-production process shortly after it concluded filming on March 22, 2018.[79]

Meteor Garden  premiered on July 9, 2018 in China on Hunan Television.[80] Netflix licensed the series for a global release,[81] excluding the Philippines, Thailand, and Indonesia.[82]



F4 Thailand (2021-22)

Main article: F4 Thailand: Boys Over Flowers

In October 2019, GMMTV announced their plans to adapt Boys Over Flowers at their "2020 New & Next" conference.[83] They revealed the main cast on September 16, 2020. Vachirawit Chivaaree and Tontawan Tantivejakul star as the male and female lead with Metawin Opas-iamkajorn, Jirawat Sutivanichsak, and Hirunkit Changkham playing supporting roles.[84]

F4 Thailand began airing on December 18, 2021.[11] It concluded after sixteen episodes on April 9, 2022.[85]




Hana Yori Dango: The Musical (2016)

Main article: Hana Yori Dango: The Musical

Hana Yori Dango: The Musical was first announced in April 2015.[86] The main cast was revealed on August 19, 2015. Ririka Kato won the role of Tsukushi out of 3,000 other participants, while Yuya Matsushita, Jin Shirasu, Mackenyu Arata, and Ryuji Kamiyama were cast as the F4.[87] Further members of the cast were announced in September 2015, including Nao Furuhata, Ryo Kimura, and Nami Tamaki.[88]

Practice for it commenced on November 18, 2015.[89] The musical premiered on January 5, 2016 at Theatre Creation in Tokyo,[90] followed by performances in Fukuoka, Nagoya, and Osaka.

South Korea[]


Boys Over Flowers: The Musical (2017)

Main article: Boys Over Flowers: The Musical

A Korean adaptation of the Japanese musical was first announced in November 2016.[91] Yumi Suzuki (director), Go Aoki (scriptwriter), and Akimitsu Honma (composer) all returned from the original production. The musical premiered on February 24, 2017 at Hongik Daehangno Art Center in Seoul.[92] It ended on May 7 after eighty-eight performances.

The star-studded cast of the musical was revealed in January 2017, including singers J-Min and Min alternating the part of Tsukushi. Tsukasa was played by Lee Chang-sub, Ken, and Kim Ji-hui, while Lee Sung-min, Jeong Hui, and Kim Tae-oh portrayed Rui.[92]



Hana Yori Dango (2019)

Main article: Hana Yori Dango (2019 musical)

In January 2019, the Takarazuka Revue announced its plans to stage a musical of Boys Over Flowers. Kosaku Noguchi is set write and direct. It was performed by the Revue's Flower Troupe and stars Rei Yuzuka as Tsukasa.[93] Mirei Shiroki portrayed Tsukushi with Kei Yunami, Asuka Seino, and Raito Kinami as the other F4 members.[94]

Hana Yori Dango premiered on June 15, 2019 at the Akasaka ACT Theater.[95] On June 29, the musical was broadcast live across theaters in Japan, Taiwan, and Hong Kong.[96]

Related media[]

Video games[]


Hana Yori Dango: F4 and First Kiss

Three video games based on Hana Yori Dango have been produced. Each functions as an otome game to varying degrees:



Hana Yori Dango FF

Several books related to Boys Over Flowers have been published. Kamio was involved in varying capacities with the books:



Examples of furoku

Main article: Furoku

All kinds of furoku, which are small items included with most shojo magazines, were produced throughout the eleven year run of Boys Over Flowers in Margaret. Some examples are telephone cards, notebooks, and small toys.

Web projects[]

Cafe de Hanadan[]

In December 2016, Kamio began a web comic titled Cafe de Hanadan which she publishes irregularly. Unlike previous sequels, it is set during Boys Over Flowers instead of after.[108]


Main article: Boys Over Flowers Highlights

From 2020 to 2022, Kamio released a series of videos recapping the highlights of Boys Over Flowers. New episodes were uploaded on the fifth and twentieth of every month on YouTube.

Promotion and collaborations[]


Margaret exhibit poster


One of Kamio's illustrations for Men's Non-no


Poster for the exhibit

See also: Boys Over Flowers/Promotion and collaborations

Throughout its original run, Boys Over Flowers was frequently promoted in Margaret.[109] To celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of Margaret in 2013, the manga was featured in booklets included with the April and July issues. Mao Inoue was interviewed for the first one and Yoko Kamio for the second.[110][111] Boys Over Flowers was also featured in the Margaret 50th Anniversary Exhibition the same year.[112] The exhibit was renamed to My Margaret and went on tour from 2014 to 2016.[113][114] Natalie interviewed Kamio in 2015 about Boys Over Flowers and its sequel.[115]

A set of Line stickers featuring characters from Boys Over Flowers and its sequel were released in November 2015.[116] The manga collaborated with Biore to promote their skincare products in 2016.[117] In March 2018, customers who purchased a volume of Boys Over Flowers Season 2 would receive a booklet titled "Hana Yori Dango 37.5" which was a collection of Cafe de Hanadan.[118] The next month, Kamio drew illustration of her Boys Over Flowers characters for Men's Non-no.[119]

In April 2019, an exhibit featuring art work from Boys Over Flowers and other series was held.[120] Kamio created new illustrations for Morinaga & Company to promote a product the following year.[121] For the series' thirtieth anniversary, an exhibition began touring Japan, starting from April 2023. It featured over two hundred and fifty artworks related to Boys Over Flowers.[122] Kamio was interviewed by Da Vinci[123] and Shueisha Online about the anniversary.[124][125] Later that year, Boys Over Flowers collaborated with Foxey for a capsule collection.[126]



Guiness World Record

Boys Over Flowers is the best-selling shojo manga of all time, having sold over 59 million copies[127] with a total 61 million copies in circulation (including digital copies).[128] As of 2018, it is among the best-selling franchises in Japan.[129] In 1996, Boys Over Flowers won the 41st Shogakukan Manga Award in the shojo category.[130] In 2008, the thirty-seventh volume of Boys Over Flowers sold 815,648 copies and ranked among the top selling volumes of that year.[131] On April 20, 2023, the series was certified by Guinness World Records with the record, "The most published copies of a shojo manga series written by a single author."[132]

In 2005, Oricon conducted a survey of the top shojo manga, ranking Boys Over Flowers at number two.[133] In 2021, the series ranked seventieth on TV Asahi's poll of the top one hundred manga voted by readers.[134] In a 2022 poll conducted by Yahoo, Boys Over Flowers ranked in the top five of manga recently read by women ages 15-25 and 40+.[135] The manga ranked third on a list of shojo and josei manga conducted by Mecha Comic in 2022, which calculated the rankings based on user ratings.[136]



The series logo features two dango on a skewer

The manga is named after the Japanese proverb 花より団子 (Hana Yori Dango), which literally means "dumplings (dango) rather than flowers."[137] It refers to people who "value substance over style."[138] Furthermore, it alludes to people's preference for eating over looking at the flowers during a cherry blossom viewing picnic (hanami).[139] The manga's title is spelled as 花より男子, which changes the meaning to "Boys Over Flowers." 男子 (danshi) means "young man."[140] Yoko Kamio changed the reading to dango to make it a homophone of the proverb.


  • Boys Over Flowers was initially set in 1992, the year it began publishing. However, as the series progressed, Kamio developed a floating timeline, giving it no set year.
  • Kamio's web comic, Cafe de Hanadan, is a spin-off of Boys Over Flowers. It is set after the events of chapter one hundred and seventy-seven.
  • In October 2017, a new Japanese drama of Boys Over Flowers starring Suzu Hirose was reported.[141] Kamio had to issue a statement to shut down the rumors.[142]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Boys Over Flowers: Jewelry Box
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Hana Yori Dango FF
  3. 3.0 3.1
  4. 4.0 4.1
  5. (Japanese)
  6. 6.0 6.1 (Japanese)
  8. 8.0 8.1
  10. (Chinese)
  11. 11.0 11.1 (Thai)
  12. Boys Over Flowers volume 1, chapters 1-5
  13. Boys Over Flowers volume 2, chapters 6-11
  14. Boys Over Flowers volume 3, chapters 12-17
  15. Boys Over Flowers volume 4, chapters 18-24
  16. Boys Over Flowers volume 5, chapters 25-30
  17. Boys Over Flowers volume 6, chapters 31-37
  18. Boys Over Flowers volume 7, chapters 38-44
  19. Boys Over Flowers volume 8, chapters 45-51
  20. Boys Over Flowers volume 9, chapters 52-58
  21. Boys Over Flowers volume 10, chapters 59-65
  22. Boys Over Flowers volume 11, chapters 66-71
  23. Boys Over Flowers volume 12, chapters 72-77
  24. Boys Over Flowers volume 13, chapters 78-83
  25. Boys Over Flowers volume 14, chapters 84-90
  26. Boys Over Flowers volume 15, chapters 91-97
  27. Boys Over Flowers volume 16, chapters 98-104
  28. Boys Over Flowers volume 17, chapters 105-111
  29. Boys Over Flowers volume 18, chapters 112-118
  30. Boys Over Flowers volume 19, chapters 119-125
  31. Boys Over Flowers volume 20, chapters 126-132
  32. Boys Over Flowers volume 21, chapters 133-139
  33. Boys Over Flowers volume 22, chapters 140-146
  34. Boys Over Flowers volume 23, chapters 147-153
  35. Boys Over Flowers volume 24, chapters 154-160
  36. Boys Over Flowers volume 25, chapters 161-167
  37. Boys Over Flowers volume 26, chapters 168-174
  38. Boys Over Flowers volume 27, chapters 175-181
  39. Boys Over Flowers volume 28, chapters 182-186, "Story of an Encounter"
  40. Boys Over Flowers volume 29, chapters 187-193
  41. Boys Over Flowers volume 30, chapters 194-200
  42. Boys Over Flowers volume 31, chapters 201-207
  44. (Japanese)
  45. (Japanese)
  47. (Japanese)
  48. Boys Over Flowers volume 4, side-columns
  49. (Japanese)
  50. (Japanese)
  51. (Japanese)
  52. (Japanese)
  53. (Japanese)
  54. (Japanese)
  59. (Japanese)
  60. Media Across Borders: Localising TV, Film and Video Games, Andrea Esser, Iain Robert Smith, Miguel Á. Bernal-Merino, Routledge, 2016, 9781317610793, page 156
  61. (Japanese)
  62. Advancing Comparative Media and Communication Research, Joseph M. Chan, Francis L. F. Lee, Taylor & Francis, 2017, 9781351715898, page 224
  64. (Chinese(
  65. (Japanese)
  67. (Japanese)
  68. (Japanese)
  71. (Japanese)
  79. (Chinese)
  80. (Chinese)
  83. (Thai)
  84. (Thai)
  85. (Thai)
  88. (Japanese)
  89. (Japanese)
  90. (Japanese)
  91. (Japanese)
  92. 92.0 92.1 (Japanese)
  94. (Japanese)
  95. (Japanese)
  96. (Japanese)
  98. (Japanese)
  99. (Japanese)
  100. (Japanese)
  101. (Japanese)
  102. (Japanese)
  103. (Japanese)
  104. (Japanese)
  105. (Japanese)
  106. (Japanese)
  107. (Japanese)
  108. (Japanese)
  109. (Japanese)
  110. (Japanese)
  111. (Japanese)
  112. (Japanese)
  113. (Japanese)
  114. (Japanese)
  115. (Japanese)
  116. (Japanese)
  117. (Japanese)
  118. (Japanese)
  119. (Japanese)
  120. (Japanese)
  121. (Japanese)
  122. (Japanese)
  123. (Japanese)
  124. (Japanese)
  125. (Japanese)
  126. (Japanese)
  127. (Japanese)
  128. (Japanese)
  130. (Japanese)
  132. (Japanese)
  135. (Japanese)
  136. (Japanese)

See also[]

Boys Over Flowers

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"End of the Century" | "Story of an Encounter" | "The Bored Prince" | "Night of the Crescent Moon"
"Shall I Talk About Myself? Part 1" | "Part 2" | Special


Hana Yori Dango: Romantic Story | Hana Yori Dango Illustrations | Hana Yori Dango Love Psychology Analyzed
Hana Yori Dango FF | Hana Yori Dango Step Up English Book

Web projects

Cafe de Hanadan | Boys Over Flowers Highlights


Shogakukan Manga Award | My Margaret (Gallery) | Salón del Manga de Barcelona | Girls' Manga Graffiti
Making of Yoko Kamio's World | Hana Yori Dango Exhibition: Jewelry Box (Gallery | Merchandise | Promotion)

Promotion and collaborations

Foxey x Boys Over Flowers Special Collaboration (Gallery)

Related pages

Adaptations | Foreign editions | Furoku | Kanzenban | Popular culture | Shueisha Girls Remix

Yoko Kamio

Mary-san no Hijitsu (1991-1992) | Boys Over Flowers (1992-2003) | Cat Street (2004-2007)
Matsuri Special (2007-2009) | Tora to Okami (2010-2012) | Crown of Thorns (2013-2014)
Boys Over Flowers Season 2 (2015-2019)

Related pages


Further reading[]

External links[]

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None Boys Over Flowers Season 2